Verbs and Nouns Describing Fluctuation [IELTS Writing Task 1/Vocabulary]

IELTS Writing Task 1 gives you a chart or a diagram. Then, it asks you to write an essay with at least 150 words to describe the given chart. That’s why we need to add more words related to figures and trends to our vocabulary. Do you know that there are “key” verbs and nouns describing fluctuation?

In this article, we will give you full information about such words. This will help you know more different words you can use in your writings. That can bring you closer to achieving lexical resource points – which accounts for 25% of total points. At the end of the article, we will share some tips that can help you remember these words. With these tips, you don’t have to worry about forgetting vocabulary due to exam stress.

What makes eJOY’s list of verbs and nouns describing fluctuation different

Instead of giving you a list of words with their meanings, we’ve been working hard to put in other necessary information. We also give you some examples of how you can use these words. Putting these words and phrases in certain context will help you recognize the differences between them. As a result, you will remember them more easily. This table includes:

  • Pronunciation

If you know how to write words, but don’t know how to pronounce them you will still easily forget those words, and won’t be able to use them in formal presentations or even in daily conversations. That would definitely be a waste.

  • English definition

When we learn new English words, we tend to look up for only the meaning in our mother tongue. That habit is bad for the language learning process, as you can only learn English with your first language mindset. That would be a major block to making your lexicon broader and knowing how to use words.

It’s important to remember that Vietnamese and English are two different languages coming from different cultures. It can be hard to fully understand the meaning of a word and use them fluently. To be able to do that, you should learn both English definition and your mother tongue meaning.

verbs and nouns describing fluctuation in IELTS writing task 1
Languages go hand in hand with culture (Source: Pixabay)
  • Past form of verbs

The data you see in IELTS Writing Task 1 are usually taken from the past. That means you need to pay attention to tenses of the verbs.

Some verbs in English are irregular verbs. That means the past form of them is not the original verb with an “-ed” suffix like the regular verbs. For instance, the past form of “keep constant” is “KEPT constant”. Adding past forms of the verbs reminds you to pay attention to irregular verbs.

  • Examples

The final column of the table includes examples of how to use these words. This part helps you use the words correctly and naturally like native speakers. So don’t miss this important section.

Verbs describing fluctuation

No. Words Pronunciation English definition Past form Examples
1 fluctuate

(fluctuate around)

UK   /ˈflʌk.tʃu.eɪt/

US   /ˈflʌk.tʃu.eɪt/

to change, especially continuously and between one level or thing and another fluctuated Her wages fluctuate between £150 and £200 a week.
2 vary UK   /ˈveə.ri/

US   /ˈver.i/

to change in amount or level or make a change in amount or level varied vary between sth and sth 
Prices vary between $65 and $160.


Nouns describing fluctuation

No. Words Pronunciation English definition Example
1 fluctuation UK /ˌflʌktʃuˈeɪʃn/

US /ˌflʌktʃuˈeɪʃn/

a situation in which prices, levels or interest rates go up and down fluctuations in sth 
1) Employers can adjust their workforce in line with fluctuations in demand for goods and services.
fluctuations of sth 
2) Long-term investment trusts compensate investors for the day-to-day fluctuation of the stock market.
2 variation UK /ˌveə.riˈeɪ.ʃən/ US /ˌver.iˈeɪ.ʃən/ a change in amount or level The medical tests showed some variation in the baby’s heart rate.


How can you remember those verbs?

To master verbs and nouns describing fluctuation, you need to:

  • Write them down in your notebook
  • Practice constructing sentences with those words
  • Repeat the word learning process until you can use them fluently

However, this process might not be simple for some of you. Being too busy with work and have too little time might be the main reasons. Or maybe, you get discouraged by the boring and seemingly never-ending note taking process.

Let me share with you a very useful tip. With technology developments these days, you are just one click away from all of these steps.

My 4 steps of enhancing IELTS vocabulary

  • S1 – Download eJOY Extension on Google Chrome.
  • S2 – Select the new words, double click on them or click and drag to look up for your mother tongue and English definitions.
  • S3 – Click +Add to save the words with the suitable meaning in your online Wordbook.
  • S4 – Play games with those words regularly.
verbs and nouns describing fluctuation in IELTS writing task 1
Looking up words using eJOY Extension

The special thing is, you don’t need to worry about when you should come back to the words. The eJOY extension already helps us do that thanks to the improved spaced repetition algorithm. When you’ve done studying some words, as you move on, the previously learned ones will soon be forgotten. The solution to that problem is simple. Just when you’re about to forget some of the words you learned, eJOY will remind you to come back to them every day.

Reminder to learn words
eJOY reminds you to learn words every day

Not only that, our development team also links eJOY extension to Youtube videos that contain the words you’re learning. That way, you can practice using such words within the context that the natives usually use.

Play language games with eJOY
Learn words while you play games

Download the extension and use it for free right now to start your own amazing journey!

Don’t forget to leave a comment if you have any problems with learning IELTS vocabulary.

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