Bài tập đọc English Reading chủ đề First Man on Moon dành cho các bạn học level 3. bạn sẽ tìm hiểu cuộc đời của Neil Arsmstrong, người đầu tiên đặt chân lên mặt trăng. Bạn hãy đọc và làm các bài tập ở dưới nhé. Bạn có thể dùng eJOY extension để giúp bạn tra và lưu các từ mới trong bài nhé.

Lưu ý:

  • Bài tập này được biên tập lại từ bài “First Man on Moon Dies Aged 82” trên trang https://breakingnewsenglish.com 
  • Bài tập nằm trong chuỗi bài học dành cho Intermediate trên eJOY. Nếu bạn muốn được học theo lộ trình phát triển khả năng nghe nói, kèm theo bài tập đọc viết nhẹ nhàng thì hãy email cho [email protected] nhé.

First Man on Moon

Neil Armstrong, the first man to step foot on the Moon, has passed away at the age of 82. The legendary U.S. astronaut died from complications following heart surgery he had earlier this month. He made history on July 20, 1969, as commander of the Apollo 11 Moon-landing mission. As he stepped onto the Moon’s surface, he famously spoke the words: “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” He was 38 at the time of his historic walk and instantly became one of the most famous people on the planet. However, he spent the rest of his life trying to avoid the spotlight and downplay his achievement. He later said he never understood why people focused so much on what he did.

Neil Armstrong - first man on moon

Armstrong was born in 1930 and grew up fascinated with flying after taking a plane at the age of 6. He began making model planes and collecting books and magazines on aviation. As a teenager, he got his pilot’s license before his driving license. In 1949, he became a Navy pilot and flew combat missions in the Korean War. In 1958, he joined the organization that became NASA and became a test pilot. Years after his Moon landing, Armstrong was asked how he felt about knowing his footprints would stay on the Moon’s surface for thousands of years. He said: “I kind of hope that somebody goes up there one of these days and cleans them up.” When asked about the Moon, he said: “It’s an interesting place to be. I recommend it.”


Grammar

Thì quá khứ đơn để nói về sự kiện đã xảy ra

Khi viết về cuộc đời của Neil Armstrong, tác giả đã dùng thì quá khứ đơn. 

Cấu trúc của thì quá khứ đơn là:

Chủ ngữ + Động từ chia ở quá khứ đơn + Tân ngữ

Ví dụ:

  • Armstrong was born in 1930 and grew up fascinated with flying after taking a plane at the age of 6.

Thì quá khứ đơn được dùng để nói về những sự kiện đã xảy ra và hoàn tất tại một thời điểm xác định trong quá khứ. 


Exercises

A. Các câu sau đây True (Đúng) hay False (Sai):

  1. Neil Armstrong died from natural causes.
  2. He was second in command when for the moon-landing mission.
  3. His famous words were: “That’s a giant leap for me”.
  4. Neil Armstrong didn’t really like being famous.
  5. Armstrong got his flying license before his driving license.
  6. He joined the Navy and flew fighter planes in the Vietnam War.
  7. He hopes someone removes his footprints on the Moon one day.
  8. He recommended people go to the Moon.

B. Nối từ đồng nghĩa

1. passed away a. immediately
2. historic b. flight
3. instantly c. paid attention
4. achievement d. captivated
5. focused e. sorties
6. fascinated f. died
7. aviation g. advise
8. missions h. accomplishment
9. thousands of years i. landmark
10. recommend j. millennia

C. Nối các cụm từ (có thể nhiều hơn một lựa chọn)

1. the first man to step a. for mankind
2. died from complications b. in the Korean War
3. one giant leap c. on what he did
4. trying to avoid d. with flying
5. people focused so much e. aviation
6. grew up fascinated f. foot on the Moon
7. collecting books and magazines on g. the Moon’s surface
8. flew combat missions h. following heart surgery
9. his footprints would stay on i. them up
10. cleans j. the spotlight